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[主题翻译] [专题]Mac使用进阶——十个小贴士 让你像专家一样使用Mac OS X

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发表于 2010-8-20 00:27:40 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 KidFores 于 2010-8-20 00:30 编辑

[专题]Mac使用进阶——十个小贴士 让你像专家一样使用Mac OS X


作者:Mac OS Tips 翻译:Kid



译者注:这篇长篇专辑的翻译几经易稿终于出炉正式版,本人语文差,或许有些不通顺的地方,让大家见笑了。在这里要感谢M版的帮忙,在专业词汇和语句的通顺性上都靠他的帮助。以后会继续努力,为翻译版做贡献!



这篇文章提供了十种常用高端牛X的Mac OS X使用贴士,旨在提供给那些想让自己成为专家级的Mac使用者(当然那些已经是专家的用户也可以看XD)。总的来说这些贴士会让你省时省力地完成日常工作,希望这些贴士能提供给你一些从前未接触的软件,或者一些对Macintosh系统更深刻的理解。



1 使用Quicksilver


150409-Quicksilver.png
这真是Mac OS X上最重要的一个专业级软件。Quicksilver的原理虽然简单,不过很强大:打开Quicksilver,然后用键盘打出你想做的事——你可以打开一个应用程序、发邮件、暂停音乐,甚至任何事。不过Quicksilver这么神奇的原因是它强大的学习能力:它能记忆你曾经做过的事情,并按频率排序,这样你就可以比往常更快更有效率地完成你的工作。(更多信息请猛点这里:文字 视频 程序下载



2 开始使用快捷键


这个贴士看来有点多余= = 不过我发现很多有经验的电脑使用者还是习惯用原始方法来完成简单的工作,比如说复制和粘贴。事实上,用键盘快捷键可以让这些变得更简单。不过缺点是:你不单需要去学习它们,还需要花很多的时间让你习惯使用它们,比如退出程序、关闭窗口、复制粘贴或者切换程序。对于想成为专家的使用者,这里有一些常用的快捷键(翻译ing)。(如果你想你还可以在系统偏好设置中定义个性化快捷键设置。(翻译ing))如果这还不够,这里有10个AppleScript脚本让你能够在Quicksilver中使用键盘快捷键(Quicksilver专题文章,coming soon)。




3 学会“拖放”


不要把Windows中的“拖放”与在Mac OS X中相比,那完全是两回事儿。 在Mac OS X中,你可以在任何地方使用“拖”和“放”。你可以“拖”一个文件夹到对话框中让此文件夹显示(翻译ing)。你可以“拖”一段选中的文字到Dock中的图标上(翻译ing),或者类似这些事情。你也可以直接“拖”文件到网页上的选择文件按钮上(比如上传文件 译者注)。



4 用终端命令改变系统隐藏设定


150409-terminal.png

开发者们通常选择不去在偏好设置中保留一些设定或者为了保持程序的干净简洁而隐藏一些设置。 不过,开发者们通常都会在终端中留一手。虽然使用终端或许会吓到一些人,不过学习使用终端是非常必要的,并且这还能让你更快地成为专家级的Mac使用者(比如你可以通过终端在Mac中隐藏一些文件)。其中,改变文件偏好设定是终端中最简单的事情-只需要打一些命令然后按回车,简单!这里有些常用的终端命令(翻译ing),适用于每个版本的Mac OS X。这里是一些适用于Leopard版本的(翻译ing)。



5 使用VLC


VLC是个多功能媒体播放器,基本上所有的媒体文件只需要“拖”到它的面板上,都可使用。当然Quicktime可以负责大部分看片工作,不过VLC基本可以读Quicktime所有读不到的文件,比如说DVDs和VIDEO_TS文件。点此下载(译者:好比Win中的暴风影音)



6 理解“包”(packages)的概念


在Mac OS X下,包仅仅是一些伪装的像单个文件的文件夹。事实上,在Mac中所有应用程序都是一个包。你可以在包上点击右键,选择显示包内容进行查看。包内内容则是此应用程序打开时需要运行的程序。打开包后,你可以修改里面的文件。这里是一些你可以做的事情(翻译ing),包括修改程序崩溃信息,iCal提醒信息和系统偏好的版式。



7 快速退出不小心误打开的程序


150409-force-quit.png

如果你像我一样笨拙(不是我 是作者 译者注 笑),你应该会经常不小心点错Dock上的程序,或者当你插上iPod或iPhone后想退出自动打开的iTune。如果你手够快,你可以马上用鼠标右击Dock上误开的程序,选择强制退出。如果你手不够快,按住Option按钮,可以将退出变为强制退出,再点击即可退出程序。



8 选取矩形框(仅Cocoa程序支持)


这是个很省时的技巧。通常,当你在编辑文字时,如果你需要选择“一块”文字或者移除一列文字前面的数字时,你得逐行修改。当你有一大堆文字需要处理的时候,这样的传统办法太耗时了。现在,只要在划框的时候按住Option键,就可以框出矩形选框来选择需要编辑的文字了。



9 学习一些AppleScript


不要被编程吓跑了,AppleScript相当于用普通英文水平写出来的内容(貌似对非英语国家来说一样= = 译者注)AppleScript真正的好处是它能让繁琐的重复性工作自动运行。事实上这么描述AppleScript太表面了,真正去熟悉AppleScript的最好的办法就是下载一些AppleScript,试着了解它们是怎么工作的,试着修改它们,最终让它们为你工作。如果你在找这些脚本,我写了几个,点击即得



10 学习一些命令行


当你只需要在终端中打一些少的命令去修改一些隐藏设置,你或许不会习惯使用命令行。虽然我觉得Mac OS X的精髓就在于它差不多是个图形化界面与命令行的结合,不过事实上有些事情在终端中做更快,有些东西离不开终端。学习如何使用命令行需要一系列的教程,在这我不会这么深入。O'Reilly有一些给新人非常好用的教程(点击即得),OSXDaily也有一些常用的命令行



全文完


英文稿在二楼 原文地址请点击

 楼主| 发表于 2010-8-20 00:28:32 | 显示全部楼层
10 tips for using Mac OS X like a pro

Here is a collection of 10 tips that are slightly more advanced than usual. They are aimed at those who want to become more expert Mac users - and of course those who think they already are experts... In general these tips will help you save time and effort when carrying out day to day tasks and hopefully introduce some concepts and applications you may not have come across before.

1. Download Quicksilver
This is really the most important pro app for Mac OS X. The principle of Quicksilver is simple, but it is amazingly powerful: Hit a hotkey, then start typing what you want to do. You can open an application. Send an email to a certain contact. Pause iTunes. Anything (more or less). But what makes this so incredible is that Quicksilver learns over time so you can get what you want faster and more efficiently with less and less effort. Head here for a more detailed explanation, or if you've got some time to spare, watch this demo video. Download it from the Blacktree site.

2. Get to grips with keyboard shortcuts
This may seem like a really simple tip, but far too often I watch supposedly experienced computer users take forever performing simple tasks like copying and pasting. The fact of the matter is keyboard shortcuts make everything easier, but not only do you have to learn them, you have to get into the habit of using them. There is a hugely extensive list here, but to be honest nothing will save you more time than getting into the habit of using shortcuts for quitting, closing windows, copying and pasting and switching applications.

For the more adventurous, you can create your own keyboard shortcuts in the keyboard and mouse section of System Preferences. And if you want to go even further, here are 10 AppleScripts that you can assign keyboard shortcuts to using Quicksilver.

3. Drag and drop everywhere
This is often a problem that comes from working in Windows a lot, where drag-and-drop doesn't quite have the same power. However in Mac OS X, you can use it almost anywhere. Dragging folders onto open/save dialogs will make it display that folder. Dragging text selections onto icons in the Dock does all sorts of useful things. And you can just drag files onto "Choose File" buttons in web pages.

4. Change hidden settings with Terminal commands
Often developers choose not to include some settings in the preferences of an application in order keep things nice and simple for the user. Luckily, they often leave these hidden settings accessible via the Terminal. Although this will scare off a lot of people, being comfortable with the Terminal is really useful and it's the best way to get a higher level of customisation and enable hidden features on your Mac. Luckily, modifying preference files is one of the easiest things you can do in the Terminal - just paste in a line of code and hit return. Simple! Here are a list of Terminal commands that will work with every version of Mac OS X, and here are some ones just for Leopard.

5. Download VLC
VLC is a multipurpose media player that can play pretty much any movie file you throw at it. While Quicktime will serve you for most needs, VLC will handle anything that Quicktime struggles with, as well as stubborn DVDs and VIDEO_TS folders. Download it here.

6. Understand the concept of packages
In Mac OS X, packages are just folders disguised to look like single files. In fact, almost every application is a package. To look inside packages, just right-click on one and choose Show Package Contents. Why would you want to do this? Inside application packages are all the files it needs to run. Once inside, you can tinker about and change things. Here's a previous tip with a collection of things you can do, including changing the unexpectedly quit message, the iCal alarm message and the layout of System Preferences.

7. Quickly kill accidently opened applications
If you are clumsy like me, you will often accidently click the wrong icon in the Dock. Or maybe you occasionally want to stop iTunes opening up when you plug in your iPod. If you are quick enough, you can just right-click (Control-Click) on the icon in the Dock and choose Force Quit. If you are too late, pressing the Option key will change Quit to Force Quit so you can close the unwanted application even faster.




8. Make rectangular selections (Cocoa apps only)
This is one of the best tricks for saving time when you are moving round chunks of text. If you want to select a column in a table or remove the numbers from the start of each line in a list you would normally have to go through every line individually. This can be hugely time consuming if you have a long list. To get around this, just hold the Option key while making the selection. Now you can draw a box around the stuff you want to copy or delete etc. and not worry about having to select entire lines.

9. Learn some AppleScript
Don't be put off by the idea of a programming language - AppleScript is about as close to normal english as you can get. AppleScript's real power is it's ability to automate repetitive tasks - in fact Automator is basically just a visual way to create AppleScripts. The best way to get familiar with AppleScript is to download some example scripts, try and figure out how they work, and then try and extend them or customise them for your own needs. If you are looking for scripts, I've written loads of tips that use a small bit of AppleScript to solve a problem.

10. Get comfortable using the command line
While you might be fine pasting a single line into the Terminal to change some hidden settings, you might not be comfortable actually working from the command line. I guess the whole point of Mac OS X is that it is a pretty graphical interface placed over the command line, but in reality some things are faster from the Terminal, and some things aren't possible without it. Learning about using the command line requires a whole tutorial in itself so I won't go into it here. O'Reilly have a great series of tutorials for beginners, and OSXDaily have a list of common commands.
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发表于 2010-8-20 09:46:52 | 显示全部楼层
这样看这篇文章就很好了。
那个怎么文中的链接都标翻译了啊!有的是已经翻译的,还有的是不需要翻译的。你看一下我的回复。不过先不改了!等我们把译文都搞定了,再添加译文链接。
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 楼主| 发表于 2010-8-20 11:12:25 | 显示全部楼层
这样看这篇文章就很好了。
那个怎么文中的链接都标翻译了啊!有的是已经翻译的,还有的是不需要翻译的。你 ...
macing2010 发表于 2010-8-20 09:46

收到~~~~~~~
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发表于 2010-8-20 13:04:02 | 显示全部楼层
翻译的很好了,继续加油吧,顺便学习了
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发表于 2010-8-24 16:08:08 | 显示全部楼层
对本人灰常有启发,手脚了!
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发表于 2010-11-28 14:03:26 | 显示全部楼层
不错哦,学习了
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发表于 2013-1-18 10:41:41 | 显示全部楼层

爱黑发官方网站,详细的能够看看这个网站的要害词就晓

应用要害词对排名的晋升是很有利益的,休会过的人都晓得这种刺激感,乌发养颜茶多少钱,详细的能够看看这个网站的症结词就知道了。
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